Learning Landscape Design Can Be Disastrous If You Neglect These Five Basic Elements

Are you planning to start a landscaping project soon? Is it one of your to-do-list for the holiday season? Well, that’s a great idea! Probably, other people share the same thoughts with you and some may have other reasons for doing so. Anyhow, just the mere idea of having a landscape that’s fit for the season is simply amazing. Giving your yard or lawn a well-deserved makeover can be fun and exciting. Imagine yourself being surrounded by green shrubs, colorful flowers and swinging trees every minute of the day. It makes you feel good, right? Hearing the sound of nature is like music to the soul.

landscape garden

Now, to make your dream a reality, it’s important that you plan carefully. You should take the time that you need while drafting your plan. Sit around a table and have a cup of coffee if you must, write descriptions of what you want. Most importantly, you have to start making a design that would best fit your desires. If you’re a beginner, no worries, you don’t have to know everything that concerns landscape design, you can learn it one step at a time. To guide you, here are the five basic elements that should be included in your landscape design.


1. Color


Color plays a crucial role in landscape design and choosing a complementing color scheme determines the aesthetics. Warm and cool colors are your options in selecting the scheme and it should go with the season. For example, you’re planning the landscape for summer, then warm colors such as red, orange, and yellow should work. Otherwise, you can opt for cool colors like blues, violets, and greens. You can use your personal preference and style in determining the color that will be used. To add a little bit of excitement to your project, you can consider using contrasting colors for your yard visuals.


2. Form


The shape of the plants and trees contained within your landscape design is called form. It determines the overall look and feel of your landscape, which is why you have to carefully decide on the form that you want. A form is usually indicated through objects, trees, shrubs or plants of various shapes and sizes which then results in natural patterns. There are actually four types of form namely, horizontal and spreading, rounded, weeping and pyramidal. It’s up to you whether to go for a free-flowing form or a bold contrast of a definite silhouette. You can also give it a little bit of both if you wish.


3. Line


The line is a structural principle of landscape design. The linear patterns are used to direct physical movement and to draw attention to areas in your garden. It is often related to pathways, hedges, flower beds, entry ways, and flow. Now, there are two distinct lines used in landscape design, the straight lines, and the curvy lines. The former is mostly used in modern or minimalist gardens because it’s forceful and direct, while the latter is used for romantic themed landscapes because it promotes a natural, gentle and flowing effect.


4. Scale

landscaping design scale

In landscape design, a scale is referred to as the balance between the size of the elements to each other and their relationship to the house. A scale is important in order to maintain a comfortable human environment for everybody living in the house as well as the neighbors. Aside from that, it plays a crucial role in making sure that the design complements the architecture of the entire area, including the house it established plants surrounding it. When you’re sketching a design, don’t just focus on the form or the shape of the landscape, it’s equally important as well to consider their scale.


5. Texture


The element that brings variety to your landscape is the texture. It’s more of the feel and look of everything within the area of your yard like, plants and décor. To create texture, you have to apply various elements into it such as the plants, flowers, leaves, shrubs, bricks, stones and bark. The texture in the landscape is defined in 3 groups, namely, coarse (includes plants, structures, and hardscapes that are bold and large); medium (includes plants and smaller structures); and fine (plants such as ferns and grasses and structures that are thin and delicate).


If you get all these basic elements right in your landscaping design, you’ll certainly achieve the landscaping project that you’ve been hoping for. Landscaping design can be quite challenging and exciting at the same time. Of course, you have other factors to consider such as space, existing plants, and any other relevant landscaping stuff. One thing you always have to keep in mind, if you think that you can’t do it on your own, never hesitate to consult a professional landscape designer to do the job for you. Professionals can work on it and provide you the best results. Think about it today, and look forward to a dream come true soon!